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What is an Optometrist

Optometry: The Primary Eye Care Profession

Doctors of optometry are independent primary health care providers who examine, diagnose, treat, and manage diseases and disorders of the visual system, the eye, and associated structures as well as diagnose related systemic conditions.

Optometrists provide more than two-thirds of the primary eye care services in the United States. They are more widely distributed geographically than other eye care providers and are readily accessible for the delivery of eye and vision care services.

The mission of the profession of optometry is to fulfill the vision and eye care needs of the public through clinical care, research, and education, all of which enhance the quality of life for our patients.

New technology has made it possible for more people than ever to enjoy the benefits of contact lenses. We offer a variety of contacts for different kinds of vision needs. Make an appointment to find out which contacts are best suited to your needs.

Choosing Your Contact Lenses 


We offer a wide variety of disposable contact lenses. In addition to the traditional disposable lens that lasts one to two weeks, the doctors carry daily disposable lenses that eliminate the need for cleaning. Just wear them for one day, then replace them with a new pair.


We offer many options for individuals who are beginning to see signs of presbyopia, a vision disorder that makes it difficult to focus on objects that are up-close. Most recognize this condition while reading. (For example, the words of a book appear blurred when held up-close. When held farther away, the words snap into focus.)


A toric contact lens is designed to correct an astigmatism, which occurs when the surface of the cornea is not perfectly round. Recent technological improvements allow most people with an astigmatism to successfully wear contact lenses with no loss of visual acuity.


Color contact lenses can enhance or change the appearance of your natural eye color. We carry an assortment of colors to choose from.

Why You Need Sunglasses to Protect Your Vision

Why You Need Sunglasses

Protection - The sun’s damaging UV rays contribute to many eye health and vision disorders. You need to wear sunglasses that block the UV rays to protect your eyes.

Fashion - In addition to protecting your eyes and enhancing your performance, sunglasses help you look and feel great! Many people purchase multiple pairs of sunglasses to project different images on different days.

Vision Conditions

Nearsightedness, or myopia, as it is medically termed, is a vision condition in which near objects are seen clearly, but distant objects do not come into proper focus. Nearsightedness occurs if your eyeball is too long or the cornea has too much curvature, so the light entering your eye is not focused correctly.

Nearsightedness is a very common vision condition that affects nearly 30 percent of the U.S. population. Some evidence supports the theory that nearsightedness is hereditary. There is also growing evidence that nearsightedness may be caused by the stress of too much close vision work. It normally first occurs in school age children. Since the eye continues to grow during childhood, nearsightedness generally develops before age 20.

A sign of nearsightedness is difficulty seeing distant objects like a movie or TV screen or chalkboard. A comprehensive optometric examination will include testing for nearsightedness. Your optometrist can prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses to optically correct nearsightedness by altering the way the light images enter your eyes. You may only need to wear them for certain activities, like watching TV or a movie or driving a car, or they may need to be worn for all activities.

Refractive surgery or laser procedures are also possible treatments for nearsightedness as is orthokeratology. Orthokeratology is a non-invasive procedure that involves the wearing of a series of specially-designed rigid contact lenses to progressively reshape the curvature of the cornea over time.


Astigmatism is a vision condition that occurs when the front surface of your eye, the cornea, is slightly irregular in shape. This irregular shape prevents light from focusing properly on the back of your eye, the retina. As a result, your vision may be blurred at all distances.

People with severe astigmatism will usually have blurred or distorted vision, while those with mild astigmatism may experience headaches, eye strain, fatigue or blurred vision at certain distances.

Most people have some degree of astigmatism. A comprehensive optometric examination will include testing to diagnose astigmatism and determine the degree.

Almost all levels of astigmatism can be optically corrected with properly prescribed and fitted eyeglasses and/or contact lenses.

Presbyopia is a vision condition in which the crystalline lens of your eye loses its flexibility, which makes it difficult for you to focus on close objects.

Presbyopia may seem to occur suddenly, but the actual loss of flexibility takes place over a number of years. Presbyopia usually becomes noticeable in the early to mid-forties. Presbyopia is a natural part of the aging process of the eye. It is not a disease and it cannot be prevented.

Some signs of presbyopia include the tendency to hold reading materials at arm's length, blurred vision at normal reading distance and eye fatigue along with headaches when doing close work. A comprehensive optometric examination will include testing for presbyopia.

To help you compensate for presbyopia, your optometrist can prescribe reading glasses, bifocals, trifocals or contact lenses. Since presbyopia can complicate other common vision conditions like nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism, your optometrist will determine the specific lenses to allow you to see clearly and comfortably. You may only need to wear your glasses for close work like reading, but you may find that wearing them all the time is more convenient and beneficial for your vision needs.

Since the effects of presbyopia continue to change the ability of the crystalline lens to focus properly, periodic changes in your eyewear may be necessary to maintain clear and comfortable vision. 

Eye Disease

Cataracts, caused by chemical changes in the lens, will cloud all or part of the normally clear lens within your eye. Cataracts are the leading cause of vision loss.

Cause: Advancing age, heredity, injury, or disease.

Symptoms: Blurred or hazy vision; appearance of spots in front of the eyes; increased sensitivity to glare or the feeling of having a film over the eyes. (Your optometrist can diagnose a cataract and monitor its development and prescribe changes in eyeglasses or contact lenses to maintain good vision.)

What you can do: Don't smoke and avoid over-exposure to sunlight. Cigarettes and ultraviolet (UV) light produce free radicals and may play a role in cataract development, according to researchers at the Mayo Clinic.

With life expectancy figures continuing to climb, managing cataracts successfully can be essential for people to live healthy, happy, and productive lives. By performing a regular, comprehensive eye exam, your optometrist can successfully detect cataracts. Then, your optometrist can treat cataracts in conjunction with your other health care providers

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
AMD, the leading cause of blindness in the United States, is caused by deterioration of certain cells in the macula, a portion of the retina located at the back of the eye that is responsible for clear, sharp vision.

Cause: Could be attributed to lack of certain vitamins and minerals to the retina; circulation breakdown to the retina; excessive levels of cholesterol or sugar in the diet; hypertension; excessive exposure to ultraviolet light; and heredity.

Symptoms: The gradual loss of ability to see objects clearly, distorted vision, a gradual loss of color vision and a dark or empty area appearing in the center of vision.

What you can do: If you are over 50, you need to schedule an eye examination every year with your optometrist.

Good News: Certain deep green and dark yellow or orange fruits and vegetables, such as: spinach, cantaloupe, mango, acorn or butternut squash and sweet potatoes, may help prevent or slow the progression of AMD.

At high-risk: AMD is high among Caucasians ages 65 to 74 (11 percent); women tend to get the disease more than men. However, the incidence of this disease is low among African Americans, Asians and American Indians.

With life expectancy figures continuing to climb, managing AMD successfully can be essential for people to live healthy, happy, and productive lives. By performing a regular, comprehensive eye exam, your optometrist can successfully detect AMD. Then, your optometrist can treat AMD in conjunction with your other health care providers.

Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetes is a disease that interferes with the body’s ability to use and store sugar, which causes many health disorders including vision problems. People with diabetes are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy, which can weaken and cause changes in the small blood vessels that nourish the retina.

Cause: Diabetes, often undetected until vision problems occur.

Symptoms: Early stages of diabetic retinopathy may cause blurred vision or may produce no visual symptoms at all. As the disease progresses, you may experience a cloudiness of vision, blind spots, or floaters.

What you can do: Monitor your disease through diet and exercise under a doctor's supervision. Inform your optometrist that you are diabetic and schedule a dilated eye examination at appropriate intervals to detect changes in the retina or optic nerve.

Good News: Early diagnosis and timely treatment have been proven to prevent vision loss in more than 90 percent of patients. However, an estimated 50 percent of patients are diagnosed too late for effective treatment.

At high-risk: African Americans are 1.7 times more likely to have diabetes than Caucasians, according to the American Diabetes Association.

With life expectancy figures continuing to climb, managing Diabetic Retinopathy successfully can be essential for people to live healthy, happy, and productive lives. By performing a regular, comprehensive eye exam, your optometrist can successfully detect Diabetic Retinopathy. Then, your optometrist can treat Diabetic Retinopathy in conjunction with your other health care providers.


Glaucoma, one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States, is the result of a build-up of pressure in the eye, resulting in damage to the nerve fibers, optic nerve, and blood vessels in the eye.

Cause: Not known, although heredity and age might be factors.

Symptoms: The most common type of glaucoma develops without symptoms, gradually and painlessly. A rare form occurs rapidly and its symptoms may include blurred vision, loss of side vision, seeing colored rings around lights and pain or redness in the eyes. Your optometrist can detect glaucoma by measuring the internal pressure of your eye and observing the health of your optic nerve during a comprehensive eye examination.

What you can do: If you are over 40 or have a family history of glaucoma, you'll want to schedule a yearly exam. If glaucoma is detected, you need to take you medication exactly as prescribed.

Good News: If detected early, glaucoma can be controlled. However, at least half of the people who have glaucoma are not receiving treatment because they are unaware of their condition. If this disease is not detected, it can lead to permanent blindness.

At high-risk: Glaucoma is the number one cause of vision loss in African Americans.

U.S. Health and Human Services Department and MayoClinic.com provided some of this information.

With life expectancy figures continuing to climb, managing Glaucoma successfully can be essential for people to live healthy, happy, and productive lives. By performing a regular, comprehensive eye exam, your optometrist can successfully detect Glaucoma. Then, your optometrist can treat Glaucoma in conjunction with your other health care providers.

Optometrists have extensive training, having completed pre-professional undergraduate education in a college or university and four years of professional education at a college of optometry, leading to the doctor of optometry (O.D.) degree. Some optometrists complete a one-year clinically based residency on graduation. Many optometrists have additional expertise in areas such as low vision rehabilitation, sports vision needs, vision therapy, and occupational vision.

Optometrists and their staff can provide eye care to the entire family.
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